StarChild Question of the Month for April 2003

Question:

What causes fireballs in the sky?

shuttle divider

Answer:

Fireballs were much in the news over the past month due to a big one that was seen in the Illinois, Michigan, and Indiana areas around local midnight on March 26 - 27, 2003. The fireball streaked across the sky and exploded in a bright flash. But just what causes the fireball, and how often do they occur?

Fireballs are really just big meteors - the result of meteoroids falling into the Earth's atmosphere and burning up. The rock that caused the "Chicago Fireball", as the March 2003 event has been called, was probably a small space rock about 1 or 2 meters wide. As it fell into the atmosphere, it heated up and eventually broke up into about 500 fragments. These fragments fell to the ground striking houses, cars, and roads -- but no people.

Fireballs and meteors are common events. An object about one meter in diameter or larger strikes Earth's atmosphere about 40 times per year. Few are seen, however, because the fireballs usually appear over unpopulated areas rather than over major cities like Chicago.

meteorite left over froom the Chicago fireball
This photograph shows one of the meteorites which survived the "Chicago Fireball".

shuttle divider

The StarChild site is a service of the High Energy Astrophysics Science Archive Research Center (HEASARC), Dr. Alan Smale (Director), within the Astrophysics Science Division (ASD) at NASA/ GSFC.

StarChild Authors: The StarChild Team
StarChild Graphics & Music: Acknowledgments
StarChild Project Leader: Dr. Laura A. Whitlock
Curator: J.D. Myers
Responsible NASA Official: Phil Newman
If you have comments or questions about the StarChild site, please send them to us.