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Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar
Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar

Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar was called Chandra. Chandra means "moon" in Sanskrit.

Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar was born in Lahore, India in 1910. He was one of ten children. Chandra was schooled at home until he was twelve. At home, his parents and private tutors taught him. Chandra attended Hindu High School. He received a degree in physics from Presidency College. Cambridge University in England offered Chandra a scholarship. He was then able to continue his education abroad. By 1933, he had completed his education. Chandra received a Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) from Cambridge University.

In 1937, Chandra went to the United States to teach at the University of Chicago. While at the university, he studied stars. Chandra studied how stars are born, how they live, and how they die. His work was so good that he won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1983. He died in 1995 in Chicago. In 1999, NASA named a satellite after Chandra. This satellite orbits Earth. It studies the universe by looking at X-rays from space. It is looking for clues about the past and the future of the universe.

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